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Common Skin Diseases Info  HEADING_TITLE

[Acne and Acne Scars]

Acne is most common in mid-teen years, simply speaking, it is caused by excessive sebum production plus proliferation of propionibacterium Aches in blocked pores sebum glands resulting inflammation.

The treatment includes topical benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, salicylic acid, and topical or systemic antibiotics.

Cryo-sludge treatment, chemical peels, introlesional injection, blue light or laser treat can also used for several cases. The key is treat early since scar is difficult to treat.

The best way for prevention is to wash your face more frequent, especially right after you sweat or PE. For the scar treatment, micro dermabrasion, chemical peel, laser surgery can be combined for treatment.


[Rosacea and Broken Blood Vessels]

Most common in 3rd ? 4th decades, persons with light complexion. Etiology is unknown, but infective, immunological stress may be involved to cause vascular ectasia, dermal edema and nonspecific perivascular inflammation.

Topical metronidazole, systemic antibiotics are used for treatment. Rhinophyma and broken blood vessels need laser surgery.


[Warts and Moles]

Viral Warts are caused by the human papilloma virus which have more than 50 subtypes. Warts are common, their sharps vary with anatomical site and viral subtype. Spontaneous resolution occurs in 30% in 6 months. Multiple and symptomatic ones need cryotherapy or laser surgery.

A small umbilicated pear-like lesion are called molluscum contagious, caused by a pox virus. It is same as viral warts.

Mole means a small growth on skin. It is usually slightly raised and dark and sometime, hairy. You should have it checked by your doctor before you think it is harmless.


[Birth Mark and Port-Wine Stain]

Birth marks can be red, black, blue, r brown color. Red modular lesions are cherry angioma or hemangioma. Large fart area called port-wine stain. Those are tumors formed by excessive blood vessels. Green light lasers are effective treatment.

Other colored birth marks are usually congenital. Nevi, they should be checked by a doctor, before it is removed.


[Age Spots and Malasma]

Early stage of age spots are freckle, when it get larger brownish macular lesion, it called lentigo, or caf?-cus-lait. These are relative superficial hyperpigmentation produced by skin in response to sun damage. When deeper, especially in middle age female, the patchy brown darkness on cheek, are called malasma which has extra factor of hormone imbalance. The treatment usually involves sunscreen in the morning and bleaching cream before sleep for couple of months. For quick result, chemical peels, laser treatment are usually needed.


[Skin Cancers and Melanoma]

The most lethal form of skin cancers is melanoma. The diagnosis of early stage disease is the best chance for curative surgery. Since the surgical excision is the only effective treatment so far. According to American Cancer Society (1996), incidence of melanoma is 1 in 100 people. 34,100 new cases every year (3% all cancer) and 7,200 die (1% of all cancer death).

Rules of ABCD may help you catch it early. A: Asymmetrical lesion; B: Border Irregular; C: Color Uneven, colored area maybe red, blue, black, or white. D: Diameter more than 6 mm. Special attention should be give when you have black lesions on palm or soles under nails, or on lips. Check with your doctor about all uneven colored lesions or a lesion seems out of place immediately.

Basal cell carcinoma are slow growing, locally invasive malignant tumors. A pearly, shiny, red-pink lesion with rolled borders and telangiectasia is common. Squamous cell carcinoma tends to occur on sun-exposed sites. It usually looks like a crusty, dirty, cauliflower-like mass that bleeds easily and may metastasize. The treatment is surgical excision.

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